Though commonly considered to be a medical condition that affects only women, the organism that causes these infections can also be found in men and infants. These infections are caused by an overgrowth of a type of fungus called candida albicans, Candida is a naturally occurring microorganism that is found in the human body. It is kept under control by a normally occurring bacteria called lactobacillus. When an imbalance of lactobacillus occurs, there can be an overgrowth of candida leading to symptoms. Some of the factors that can affect the growth of candida are antibiotic use, pregnancy, a compromised immune system, and poorly controlled diabetes.This organism likes to grow in areas of the body that are warm and moist.
When a candida infection develops on the genitals, it is called a yeast infection. This type of infection is much more common in women than in men. Symptoms of a yeast infection are genital redness, burning on urination, genital redness and in women a white clumpy discharge.
If candida affects the mouth or throat it is called oral thrush and characterized by white spots on the inside of the mouth and tongue and a sore throat. It is seen most often in patients receiving chemotherapy, the elderly, infants, and in people with AIDS.
There is a type of diaper rash that can be caused by candida. It will show up as dark red patches of skin on a bay’s bottom and sometimes there are spots that are filled with fluid.
It is important to seek medical treatment if you think you may have an infection so that a proper diagnosis can be made and the proper treatment can be started. To schedule an appointment with a physician at Jamaica Hospital, please call 718-206-7001.
All content of this newsletter is intended for general information purposes only and is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please consult a medical professional before adopting any of the suggestions on this page. You must never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment based upon any content of this newsletter. PROMPTLY CONSULT YOUR PHYSICIAN OR CALL 911 IF YOU BELIEVE YOU HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY.