Streptococcus B is a type of gram-positive bacterial infection that is commonly found in the intestine, the vagina, and the rectal area of women. It can affect newborns as well as adults. Most pregnant women who carry this infection don’t have any symptoms. It is transmitted during childbirth to the newborn as it passes through the birth canal. It is also a leading cause of sepsis and meningitis in newborns.
Strep B also can also affect adults who are not pregnant but who have chronic illnesses such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, obesity and cancer. People who are over the age of 65 have the highest incidence of the disease.
Symptoms of strep B in newborns include:
• Breathing problems
• Poor feeding
• Symptoms of strep-B in adults include:
• Skin infection
• Bone and joint infection
• Urinary tract infection
Strep B is diagnosed by taking a culture of blood, urine or performing a spinal tap. If the results are positive, it can be treated by antibiotics, usually given intravenously. If Strep – B has infected the skin, then surgical intervention may be necessary. Routine screening is recommended for women who are pregnant as to avoid transmitting the bacteria during childbirth to the newborn. It is also possible to schedule an appointment at the Women’s Health Center at 718-291-3276.
All content of this newsletter is intended for general information purposes only and is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please consult a medical professional before adopting any of the suggestions on this page. You must never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment based upon any content of this newsletter. PROMPTLY CONSULT YOUR PHYSICIAN OR CALL 911 IF YOU BELIEVE YOU HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY.